The first thing to do with junctions is recognise they are coming up, simply looking well ahead and being mentally prepare is key. These Junctions can be identified by lines appearing in the road such give way or hazard, changes in the directions of the buildings or traffic passing the end of the road.
Skills you can transfer.
The MSM routine you have already learnt will be broke in more sections for all junctions expanding on the manoeuvre;
MSPSL =Mirror Signal Position Speed Look
Always check at least 2 mirrors as usual starting with the centre mirror assessing the distance position and speed of following traffic and then followed by the door mirror in the direction you intend to turn checking there is no one to the side such as a bicycle or motorbike as you would not want to turn into them.
A direction indicator should be applied to guide other road users and when you start to brake the brake lights will also show.
Gaining the correct position on the approach to a junction does several things such as backing up you indicator to give following traffic a guide to where you are going.
The position will also help with the steering when you reach your Point Of Turn.
If you are turning left you should hold your normal driving position until the kerb curves off to the left then angle your car in the same direction. Your Homer’s Driving Instructor will give you reference points to line up on the kerb to help you. This will maximise your view of the new road and allow traffic turning right to pass you with ease.
Position just to the left of the centre hazard warning line on the road will allow following traffic who are turning left to pass to the left of you without being delayed and will optimise you view of the new road. Your Homer’s Driving Instructor will give you reference points to line up on the centre line to help you.
Your approach speed to a T-Junctions is crucial looking well ahead as you first approach will give you a lot of decision making information. If you can see far enough into the new road to make a safe decision on pulling out well back from the end of the road then it is an Open Junction and you show brake enough to select 2nd Gear and keep moving providing the corner is not too sharp, there is a Stop sign or if there is traffic coming of course.
If your view is restricted then it is a Closed Junction and a slower approach should be taken selecting 1st Gear bring the clutch back only to the biting point until you have made a decision on if it is safe to go.
Always look early, you can never have enough information on what’s going on ahead at the junction, traffic levels, pedestrians, and parked cars around the end of the road or in the new road. The minimum observations to be taken are Right-Left-Right
Once you have entered the new road always check your centre and right door mirror to update yourself on the new road traffic